Jean Arp. Surrealism

October 27, 2015
This sculpture is one of a

Coming full circle with Angel Art

Jean Arp (1887-1966) had been a painter, a sculptor and a poet. He was a prominent experimentor of automated design and created this technique to generate his sculptures. Beginning in 1917, Arp's work changed away from geometric types toward a far more substance, organic style. During a visit to a Swiss lake resort, Arp was impressed to stimulate the branches, rocks, origins, and grasses he noticed, working with brush and ink. He shortly started utilizing comparable forms in the drawings, generating free flowing forms that advise the absence of deliberate consciousness or inhibition.

Automated drawing was developed by the surrealists, as a method of articulating the subconscious. In automatic design, the hand is permitted to go 'randomly' over the report. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is always to a sizable extent freed of logical control. Thus the design created can be attibuted to some extent on subconscious that can reveal one thing of psyche, which may otherwise be repressed. We talk about surrealist automatism if so. However, if so when exterior suggestions meant to mental performance have the effect of the drawn appearance then we would discuss about it mediumistic automatism.


In 1915, Arp exhibited their first abstracts in Zurich and joined the Zurich DADA group. His uniquely personal form of abstract compositions with oviform or curvilinear shapes are lying borders constructivism and surrealism. Arp also started his experiments with automatic structure with arbitrary and possibility elements and collectivism. In 1925 additionally he participated in 1st Surrealist convention and signed up with the Surrealist group in Paris.


Arp had a handful of important exhibitions in New York, in which in 1948 he published 'back at my Way Poetry' and 'Essays I912-47'. He went to the U.S.A. in 1949 and 1950.

Jean Arp and automatic drawing

Automatic design had been pioneered by Other artists just who attempted automated design consist of Joan Miró,

plus the method ended up being utilized in painting (as noticed in Miró's paintings which started off as automatic drawings) and has been adjusted with other media; there have even been automated "drawings" in computer photos

Introduction to Surrealism part 3[of 4].mov
Introduction to Surrealism part 3[of 4].mov
Surrealism SmART History
Surrealism SmART History
Dada & Surrealism - AP art history
Dada & Surrealism - AP art history
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